Critical Review of Changes from Classical to Contemporary Contracts in Sharia Economic Transactions: Fiqh Perspective


  • Rahmat Husein Lubis Universitas Islam Negeri Syekh Ali Hasan Ahmad Addary Padangsidimpuan
  • Anez Yuniar Pradini Universitas Islam Negeri Prof. K.H. Saifuddin Zuhri Purwokerto



Contract Principles, Contract Law, Mu’amalah, Fiqh


This research aims to analyze the form of legal contract principles in Islamic alliances mu'amalah. A deep agreement mu'amalah cannot be separated from the Islamic community. An alliance occurs because of a meeting between the two parties at the same time to tie a promise. In the field alliance, alliance will be needed to achieve common goals. Civil Code Article 1233 states that an agreement occurs with agreement and law. This research is a type of qualitative research with a small library. The data used are primary and secondary data types. Primary data comes from literature such as scientific works, books, websites, etc. And for secondary data, there are books that support the core of this research. This research's analytical method uses an inductive analysis method. The results of this research found that the study of sharia economic law relating to the form of principles of multipurpose engagement agreements consists of; Divine principle, principleworship, principle of freedom of contract, principle of consensualism, principle of binding, principle of balance, principle of benefit, principle of trust, principle justice, and principles of writing.


Abubakar, Rahmi Widia Aliani. "Implementation of Classical and Contemporary Ijmak in the Field of Sharia Economic Law." Journal of Sharia Economic Law 1, No. 2 (2022): 121–72.

Agus Alimuddin. "Form of Named Contracts in Sharia Financial Institutions." Charity: Journal of Islamic Economics and Business (Jieb) 02, No. 01 (2020): 39–51.

Asikin, Amiruddin and Zainal. Introduction to Legal Research Methods. Jakarta: Pt. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2004.

Awaludin, Dan Karya. "The Principles of Agreement (Akad), Sharia Contract Law in the Application of Salam and Istisna." Al-Naqdu Journal of Islamic Studies 14, No. 2 (2016): 272–79.

Aziz, Jamal Abdul. Classic Mu’amalah Agreement From Fiqh Concepts to Sharia Banking Products. Yogyakarta: Kalimedia, 2022.

Azwar Iskandar, and Khaerul Aqbar. "The Position of Islamic Economics Between Economics and Mu’amalah Fiqh: Analysis of Epistemological Problems." Nukhbatul 'Ulum: Journal of Islamic Studies 5, No. 2 (2019): 88–105. https://Doi.Org/10.36701/Nukhbah.V5i2.77.

Dewi, Gemala, Wirdyaningsih, and Yeni Salma Barlinti. Islamic Engagement Law in Indonesia. Depok: Prenadamedia Group, 2018.

Dimas Dwi Arso, Edytiawarman, and Slamet Muljono. "Comparison of Electronic Sales and Purchase Contracts According to Positive Law and Islamic Law." Justitia et Pax: Law Journal 37, no. 1 (2021): 103–25. Http://Eprints.Ums.Ac.Id/42533/7/04.Bab I.pdf.

Djamil, Fathurrahman. Sharia Economic Law: History, Theory and Concepts. Edited by Tarmizi. First, C. Jakarta: Sinar Graphics, 2013.

Effendi, Bahtiar. "The Principles of Islamic Economic Contracts from Khes Perspective (Compilation of Sharia Economic Law)." Alwatzikhoebillah Journal: Islamic Studies, Education, Economics, Humanities 8, No. 2 (2020): 70–81. https://Doi.Org/10.37567/Alwatzikhoebillah.V8i2.1475.

Fila, Siti Zafilah Firdausiah. "Theoretical Study of the Urgency of Principles in Sharia Contracts." Al - Muamalat: Journal of Sharia Law and Economics 5, No. 1 (2020): 48–67. https://Doi.Org/10.32505/Muamalat.V5i1.1519.

Haries, Akhmad, and Maisyarah Rahmi Hs. Ushul Fiqh: Comprehensive Study of Theory, Legal Sources and Methods of Legal Istinbath. Palembang: Bening Media Publishing, 2020.

Huda, Siti Nurul, and Udin Saripudin. "Implementation of Maqashid Sharia Theory in Contemporary Mu’amalah Fiqh." Maro: Journal of Sharia Economics and Business 5, No. 1 (2022): 15–23. https://Doi.Org/10.31949/Maro.V5i1.1851.

Hulaify, Akhmad. "The Principles of Contracts (Akad) in Sharia Law." At-Tadbir: Management Scientific Journal 3, No. 1 (2019): 41–55. https://Doi.Org/10.31602/Atd.V3i1.1801.

Istiawati, Sri. "The Position of Agreements in the Civil Code in Consumer Disputes." Juripol 4, No. 1 (2021): 208–16. https://Doi.Org/10.33395/Juripol.V4i1.11034.

Khomayny, Muchlish, and Muhammad Wahyuddin Badullah. "Treatment of Financing Fines Based on the Al-Adl Concept in Maintaining the Existence of Sharia Bank Business." Iqtisaduna Journal 6, No. 2 (2020): 96. https://doi.Org/10.24252/Iqtisaduna.V6i2.18117.

Marzuki. Research Methodology (Business and Social Research Guide). Econisia, 2005.

Mujahideen. "Reconstruction of the Mu’amalah Agreement and its Implementation in Sharia Economics." Iqtisaduna Journal 5, No. 1 (2019): 28.

Nugroho, Asianto, and Sapto Hermawan. "Policy Strategy for Facing Adaptation to New Habits from an Economic Law Perspective." Volksgeist: Journal of Legal and Constitutional Studies 3, No. 2 (2020): 117–32. https://Doi.Org/10.24090/Volksgeist.V3i2.4001.

Nurjaman, Muhamad Izazi, and Doli Witro. "Transformation of the Tabarru' Agreement into a Mu'awadhat Agreement; Analysis of the Hiwalah Agreement and Kafalah Agreement in Sharia Financial Institutions." Al-Mustashfa: Sharia Economic Law Research Journal 6, No. 2 (2021): 162. https://Doi.Org/10.24235/Jm.V6i2.8748.

Qudsie, Ulumil El, Ro'fah Setyowati, and Muhyidin. "The Relationship Between the Concept of Choice of Forum and the Principle of Freedom of Contract in Making Sharia Banking Contracts." Diponegoro Law Journal 8, No. 4 (2019): 2835–45.

Setiadi, Setiadi, Asep Dadang Hidayat, Moh. Asep Zakariya Ansori, and Mohamad Anton Athoillah. "Implementation of Multi Contracts in Sharia Economic Transactions." Al-Kharaj : Journal of Economics, Finance &; Sharia Business 6, No. 2 (2023): 567–84. https://Doi.Org/10.47467/Alkharaj.V6i2.3635.

Ukoli, Fernando. "Making a Valid Contract According to the Civil Code (Kuh Perdata)1." Lex et Societatis 7, no. 4 (2019): 89. Http://Www.Nber.Org/Papers/W16019.

Umar, Dhira Utari. "Application of the Principle of Consensualism in Sales and Purchase Agreements from a Civil Law Perspective1." Lex Privatum 8, No. 1 (2020): 54–75.




How to Cite

Husein Lubis, R. ., & Yuniar Pradini, A. . (2024). Critical Review of Changes from Classical to Contemporary Contracts in Sharia Economic Transactions: Fiqh Perspective. Syarah: Jurnal Hukum Islam & Ekonomi, 13(1), 93–109.