The Law of Maninggian Janjang against Perpetrators of Adultery from Saddu al-dzari’ah's Perspective


  • Revoranda Sudarman Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang
  • Zainal Azwar Universitas Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol Padang



Maninggian Janjang, Ijtihad Method, saddu al-dzari'ah


The practice of "maninggian janjang" against members of the adulterous community in the Baso District, Agam Regency, West Sumatra has its own peculiarities. This maninggian janjang punishment only applies there and the most interesting thing is that they punish a community if a member of the community commits adultery.  The concept of punishment like this is not applied in Islamic law, even though Baso sub-district people are Minangkabau people who have a philosophy of life "adat basandi syarak, syarak basandi kitabullah". This research will examine how the saddu al-dzari'at ijtihad method looks at the collective imposition of punishment on adultery offenders. This ijtihad method is used not only because it has similar principles with the punishment of maninggian janjang but also for the consideration of Imam Syafi'I who did not totally reject the concept of saddu al-dzari'ah. This type of research is empirical research using a qualitative approach. Data is obtained by conducting face-to-face interviews which are analyzed through coding techniques. The validity and reliability of the data were tested through peer debriefing techniques followed by review by the reviewer. This study found that maninggian janjang is in accordance with the saddu al-dzari'at method in which the way of ignoring adultery in a community is closed by threatening punishment collectively if there are members of the community who commit adultery. Meanwhile, the abolition of punishment through fines should be adjusted to the economy of the punished people so that the purpose of this maninggian janjang punishment is achieved, namely to provide fear and deterrent effect.


Agam, District BPS. 2021 Baso District in Figures. 1st ed. Agam: BPS Agam Regency, 2021.

Az-zuhaili, Wahbah. Tafsir Al-Munir. 5th ed. Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2013.

Badarussyamsi, M. Ridwan, and Nur Aiman. "Amar Ma'ruf Nahi Munkar: An Ontological Study." Tajdid 19, no. 2 (2020).

Creswell, John W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Approaches. 6th ed. Yogyakarta: Student Library, 2017.

Darsi, Darsi, and Halil Husairi. "Ta'zir in the Perspective of Jinayat Fiqh." Al-Qisthu: Journal of Legal Studies 16, no. 2 (2019).

Fuaddi, Husni. "Saddu Dzari'ah in the Perspective of Islamic Law." Ahkam: Journal of Sharia and Law 4, no. 1 (2023).

Gunawan, Fachra -, and Rusdi Rusdi. "Development of the Tunduak Tradition as Local Wisdom in Solok City Subdistrict 1995-2019." Journal of Chronology 3, no. 1 (2021).

Haq, your Islam. "The Influence of Differences in the Statements of Jarimah Zina Witnesses (Positive Law Perspective and Islamic Criminal Law)." Al-Ahkam Journal of Sharia and Legal Sciences 5, no. 1 (2020).

Ibn Amin. "Implementation of Islamic Law in the Basandi Syarak Traditional Philosophy, Syarak Basandi Kitabullah in Minangkabau." Ijtihad 38, no. 2 (2022).

Irwansyah. Legal Research: Choice of Article Writing Methods and Practices. 5th ed. Yogyakarta: Mega Cakrawala Printing, 2022.

Jafar, Wahyu Abdul. "BPJS Health Syari'ah (Understanding the Principles of BPJS Health from a Saddu Dzarî'ah Perspective)." Al-Istinbath: Journal of Islamic Law 2 (2017).

Magfiroh, Ririn Isna, and Ashif Az Zafi. "The Existence of Jurisprudence in the Application of Adultery Laws in Indonesia." DICTUM: Journal of Sharia and Law 18, no. 1 (2020).

Meri, Seperta. "Maninggian Janjang Customary Law of the Minang Kabau Community in Baso District, Agam Regency, West Sumatra, Psychological Aspects." Tambusai Education Journal 6, no. 2 (2022).

Munawwaroh, Hifdhotul. "Sadd Al-Dzari'At and its Application to Contemporary Fiqh Problems." Ijtihad 12, no. 1 (2018): 63.

Navis, AA Alam Develops to Become a Teacher. Padang: Graphics Jaya West Sumatra, 2015.

Razif, Muhammad. “Prohibition of Cohabitation in Law No. 1 Year 2023: An Application of Sadd Dzariah.” Al-'Adalah: Journal of Sharia and Islamic Law 8, no. 2 (2023).

RI, Ministry of Religion. Al-Qur'an and its Tafsir. Jakarta: Lantera Abadi Publishers, 2010.

Syarifuddin, Amir. Ushul Fiqh 2. 6th ed. Jakarta: Kencana, 2011.

Ulfiyati, Nur Shofa, and Akh. Syamsul Muniri. "Differences in Sanctions for Adultery Perpetrators in Islamic Criminal Law and Positive Criminal Law." USRAH: Journal of Islamic Family Law 3, No. 2 (2022).

Wirdanengsih. Ethnography of the Minangkabau Tribe. Bandung: Manggu Makmur Tanjung Lestari, 2019.




How to Cite

Sudarman, R., & Azwar, Z. . (2024). The Law of Maninggian Janjang against Perpetrators of Adultery from Saddu al-dzari’ah’s Perspective. Syarah: Jurnal Hukum Islam & Ekonomi, 13(1), 49–62.