Main Article Content
Increase users of sharia contracts is directly proportional to the increase in sharia economic disputes. The occurrence of disputes can be caused by one party breaking a contract or committing an unlawful act. In the event of a dispute, the party who feels aggrieved can submit a lawsuit to the court, but it turns out that during the examination of the case the judge found that the contract used was deemed not in sharia complience, while none of the parties filed a lawsuit for cancellation the contract. In this study, the authors used normative juridical research methods. by exploring the provisions of the supreme court which serve as guidelines for judges in examining cases of sharia economic disputes, while also using a conceptual approach by looking at Islamic law concepts regarding inappropriate contracts. with Islamic law. In this study the authors conclude that there are still many legal voids governing sharia economics, the existing provisions only regulate in general and universally, even contradicting each other. As a result of this legal vacuum, the supreme court made rules for examining sharia economic cases, where in several provisions found inconsistencies in the regulations made, or even contradicting each other, so it is necessary for judges to carry out ijtihad and decide on cases that are demanded by the parties in order to fulfill the principle of divinity. and so that the decision remains on the provisions stipulated by Islamic law
Abdullah, EA (2016). contract as sharia text. 1–8.
Agustina, MIL (2019). Application of the Principles of Simple, Fast and Low-Cost Trial in the Accumulation of Divorces and Joint Assets at the Syar'iyah Court in Banda Aceh. Samarah: Journal of Family Law and Islamic Law, 3(1), 241–266.
Abdullah, Z., & Wijaya, E. (2019). Dynamics of Ijtihad Implementation in the Field of Sharia Economic Law in Indonesia. Journal of Law & Development. 49(2). 299.
Ministry of Education and Culture. (1990). Big Indonesian Dictionary. library hall.
Eka, A. (2012). Solutions When Trapped in Business Cases. Achieve Asa Success.
Hasan Echlos, JM, & Shadily. (1996). Indonesian English and Indonesian English Dictionary. Gramedia.
H. Abustam. (nd) The Implementation of the Pledge of Divorce Before a Religious Court Session (A Review of the Philosophy of Islamic Law). Journal of Islamic Family Law. Vols: II. 159-178.
Hartini. (2009). Exceptions to the Application of the Ultra Petitum Partium Principle in the Proceedings of the Religious Courts. Legal Forum. Volume: 21, Number: 2. 203-408.
Hasan Basri, A., Muna, R., Alwi Hasan Siregar, M., (2021). Alternative Despute Resolution (Adr) in Islamic Business Disputes Positive Legal Perspectives and Islamic Law. Al-Mabsut. Vol: 15. No: 2. 243-254.
Helmi, M. (2020). Legal Invention by Judges Based on Constructivism Paradigm. Kanun Journal of Law Science. 22(1). 111–132.
Kasmawati, K., Rivaldi, M., & Saputra, RA (2022). Legal Analysis of Business Capital Financing Guarantees in Mudharabah Contracts in Islamic Banking. PAMALI: Pattimura Magister Law Review. 2(1). 43.
LJ Van Apeldoorn. (2005). Introduction to Law. Pradnya Paramita.
Mahardipa, MW, & , Ni Putu Rai Yuliartini, RAW (2019). Implementation Of The Principles Of Simple, Quick And Low Cost Justice In Criminal Cases In Class I Singaraja State Court B. E-Journal Of The Yustisia Community, Ganesha University of Education, Department of Law, 2(3), 181–191.
Mawey, GA (2016) Considerations of Judges in Delivering Decisions Regardless of All Lawsuits. Lex Crimen. Vol: V No: 2. 82-90.
Mertokusumo, S. (nd). Indonesian Civil Procedure Code. Jakarta. liberty.
Mohammad, L. (2020). Settlement Of Legal Disputes In Islamic Banking. Madani Shari'ah, 3, 61–71.
Mushthofa, Abd. H. (2019). Judge Ijtihad in the Application of the Contra Legem Concept in Determining Cases in the Religious Courts. Legitima, Vol: I No: 2.1-17
Muh Nasikhin. (2010). Islamic Banking And Dispute Resolution System. Fatawa.
Pattipawae, DR (2020). State Administrative Decisions Having Executorial Power Are Not Complied With By State Administrative Officials. Saniri, 1(November), 1–17.
Petannase, I. (1999). The Role of Judges As Modifiers And Law Reformers. 108-126
R Subekti. (n.d.). Contract Law. Time Advisor.
Rasyid, A., & Putri, TA (2019). Authority of the Sharia Banking Dispute Resolution Institution. Judicial Journal, 12(2), 159.
Risdiana, R., & Taqiuddin, HU (2021). Application of the Principle of Minimum Proof in Civil Law Cases (Study of Decisions of the Selong District Court Number: 55/Pdt.G/2020/PN.Sel). Scientific Journal of Mandala Education, 7(2), 267–277.
Romli, M. (2021). The Concept of Terms of Contract Validity in Islamic Law and Terms of Agreement Validity in Article 1320 of the Civil Code. Tahkim, XVII(2), 177–188.
S Pradja, J. (2012). Sharia Economics . Faithful Library.
Saputra, R., (2019). Shifting Principles of Passive Judges to Active in Civil Judicial Practices from a Progressive Legal Perspective . Legal Discourse: Journal of the Faculty of Law, University of Slamet Riyadi. Vol: 25, numbers: 1.10-18.
Saputra, Dian, Jamaluddin, Y. (2021). Protection Of The Rights Of Women And Children In The Verstek Decision At The Idi Shar'iyah Court. Journal of the Faculty of Law, Malikussaleh University, 9(2), 1–24.
Satria Effendi M. Zein. (2004). Contemporary Islamic Family Law Problems. golden.
Sinaga, NA, & Darwis, N. (2020). Default and Consequences in the Implementation of the Agreement.
Sudirman L, Hasanuddin Hasim, & Abdul Hafid. (2019). Implementation of the Code of Ethics and Code of Conduct for Judges at the Makassar State Administrative Court. Ocean Justice Journal of Law, 14(2), 179–199.
Sugeng AS Gambang, & Sujayadi. (2011). Civil procedural law and litigation documents for civil cases. golden.
Sunarto. (2014). The active role of judges in civil cases. golden.
Susanti, DO, & Efendi, A. (2019). Understanding the Text of the Law with the Exegetical Interpretation Method. Kertha Patrika Journal, 41(2), 141.
Sugeng Ariadi, BS, Wahyudi, J., Akbar, R., Application, K., & Sugeng Ariadi Subagyono, B. (2014). Study of the Application of the Ultra Petita Principle to Petitum Ex Aequo Et Bono. Yuridika: Vol: 29. Number: 1100-112.
Yani Iyan, R. (2012). The Role of Law in Economic Development. Journal of Socioeconomic Development. Number: 5. 166-180.
Zaifudin, T. (2018). Formal Truth in Evidence in Religious Courts. Actualita, Vol: I. Number: 2. 330-349.